Dyspraxia or DCD

The key feature of dyspraxia is difficulties with coordination, but it can also involve problems with organisation, memory, concentration and speech. It is a disability that affects the way the brain processes information, which results in messages not being properly or fully transmitted.

Another name for dyspraxia is Developmental Coordination Disorder (DCD).

What causes dyspraxia?
Anything that injures the brain may result in dyspraxia, but for most with the diagnosis of dyspraxia there is no known cause. Research suggests that it is due to an immaturity of neurone (nerve cell) development in the central nervous system.

What are the symptoms?
Signs of dyspraxia include clumsiness, confusion over left and right hands, poor body awareness and posture, poor short-term memory and forgetfulness, difficulty in holding pens, writing and reading difficulties and poor sense of direction. People with dyspraxia often have difficulty with the routine tasks of daily life such as driving, household chores, cooking and grooming.

Who is affected?
Dyspraxia is thought to affect up to ten per cent of the population in varying degrees and up to two per cent severely. Males are four times more likely to be affected than females. Dyspraxia sometimes runs in families. There may be an overlap with related conditions, eg autistic spectrum disorder. Children with dyspraxia can suffer isolation and bullying, and adults can experience difficulty finding employment.

Is there a cure?
At present there is no known cure for dyspraxia, but given the right help and support, an individual with dyspraxia can develop strategies to enhance their life and reach their full potential.